A holon is a singularity that is also a universe unto itself, simultaneously both part and whole, and irreducible to being counted as one. Though it cannot be counted as one, it still is.

The Material and the Ideal are Mutually Implicated

Critical materialism seems to have an ideal: the real apprehension of existence in terms of causes and conditions, rather than in terms of concepts and ideas. But there's an extent to which some self-professed "materialists" only proceed with their investigations of reality through a kind of fetish for materialism, which makes them ignorant as to …

Without Discrimination: some reflections from meditation on the skandhas

Recently I have been studying the nature of the five skandhas or "aggregates," which is a Buddhist classification of aspects of experience broken down into five sets: form (rūpa), feeling (vedanā), perception (saṃjñā), volition (saṃskāra), and consciousness (vijñāna). Classically, the idea is that what is commonly assumed to be the enduring, substrative Self-identity must in some sense …

Similarity, or Beyond Identity and Difference

On Identity: Generally today it is often felt that an affirmation of difference and plurality is preferable to an existence based on identity and universality, which is negatively evaluated as being characterized by excessive limitation. This is true, for definition by negation is the underlying basis of any sense of self-identity: what one is, is …