Madhyamaka and the Problem of Approach

The doctrine of the two truths is a principle tenet of the Madhyamaka path, serving not only to show the non-contradictory coherence of the Buddha's different teachings but also serving as a support for the practice of achieving liberating knowing. The doctrine distinguishes between the conventional truth of phenomena as interdependently originated and the ultimate …

From Monologue-about to Dialogue-with Reality

The desecration or desacralization of the "enchanted real" that constituted premodern and indigenous world-views by the coruscating potency of modern reason results in a "disenchanted real" where previously held assumptions about the relationship between the cosmos and meaning is thoroughly undermined; the previously enchanted real, where universe and meaning where intertwined in a unity within …

Becoming Real in the Face of Flux

To be ultimately real is to be: independent, self-grounding, self-sustaining and self-motivated. Yet careful attention to the manifold totality of sense-experience reveals any given thing to be marked by impermanence, incompleteness and indeterminacy. Nothing in experience, whether classed as a mental or physical factor, escapes definition by these three marks or traits. Things exist, in …

Ascending Truth

There are two ways of understanding truth: as adjective and as verb.We often use "true" as an adjective, whereby we qualify the degree to which a proposition adequately corresponds to a given state of affairs, about which the proposition is giving attention. That a statement is true, in this sense of the word true, indicates …

A holon is a singularity that is also a universe unto itself, simultaneously both part and whole, and irreducible to being counted as one. Though it cannot be counted as one, it still is.

The Material and the Ideal are Mutually Implicated

Critical materialism seems to have an ideal: the real apprehension of existence in terms of causes and conditions, rather than in terms of concepts and ideas. But there's an extent to which some self-professed "materialists" only proceed with their investigations of reality through a kind of fetish for materialism, which makes them ignorant as to …

Without Discrimination: some reflections from meditation on the skandhas

Recently I have been studying the nature of the five skandhas or "aggregates," which is a Buddhist classification of aspects of experience broken down into five sets: form (rūpa), feeling (vedanā), perception (saṃjñā), volition (saṃskāra), and consciousness (vijñāna). Classically, the idea is that what is commonly assumed to be the enduring, substrative Self-identity must in some sense …